Project Management

Project management involves planning, executing, monitoring, controlling, and closing projects to achieve specific objectives within a defined scope, time, and budget. Project managers are responsible for coordinating resources, managing risks, and ensuring the successful delivery of projects across various industries.

Job Titles

  • Project Manager
  • Scrum Master
  • Project Coordinator
  • Project Specialist
  • IT Project Manager
  • Agile Project Manager
  • Program Manager
  • Project Analyst
  • Project Management Consultant

Required Skills

Planning and organization: Ability to create project plans, establish timelines, allocate resources, and set priorities.

Communication: Strong written and verbal communication skills to effectively convey information to team members, stakeholders, and clients.

Leadership: Ability to guide, motivate, and manage diverse teams to achieve project goals.

Risk management: Identifying, assessing, and mitigating potential risks to the project.

Problem solving: Analyzing issues and implementing effective solutions.

Time management: Balancing multiple tasks and deadlines, ensuring timely project delivery.

Adaptability: Flexibility in responding to changing project requirements, scope, and constraints.


The education requirements for a project manager can vary depending on the industry, company, and specific job requirements. However, there are some common educational qualifications and certifications that can be beneficial for aspiring project managers:

Bachelor’s Degree: A bachelor’s degree is often a minimum requirement for project management positions. While some employers may prefer candidates with degrees in project management, business administration, or a related field, many project managers come from diverse educational backgrounds, including engineering, computer science, and other disciplines.

Master’s Degree: Some organizations may prefer or require project managers to have a master’s degree, such as a Master of Business Administration (MBA) or a Master of Science in Project Management. A graduate degree can provide a deeper understanding of advanced project management concepts and business strategies.

Project Management Certifications: Various professional certifications can help demonstrate your project management expertise and commitment to the field. Some of the most recognized project management certifications include:

Industry-specific Certifications and Education: In some industries, additional certifications or specialized education may be beneficial or required for project managers. 

While these educational qualifications can be helpful, it’s essential to note that project management success often relies on a combination of education, experience, and soft skills, such as communication, leadership, and problem-solving abilities. Aspiring project managers should focus on developing a well-rounded skill set by gaining relevant work experience and continuously improving their knowledge and abilities.

Salary Range

$ 60,000  $120,000+ annually based on experience, location, and industry. 

Work Setting

  • Onsite (Employer & Client sites)
  • Remote 
  • Hybrid


Technology: Project managers are essential in technology and software development companies, where they manage projects related to software development, IT infrastructure, and systems integration.

Telecommunications: In the telecommunications industry, technology project managers may manage projects related to network expansion, infrastructure upgrades, or the development and deployment of new communication technologies.

Healthcare: Project managers in healthcare can oversee the implementation of electronic health record systems, telemedicine platforms, or the integration of new medical devices and technologies.

Finance and banking: In the finance and banking industry, technology project managers may be responsible for projects related to financial software development, digital transformation initiatives, or IT security enhancements.

Manufacturing and logistics: Project managers in this industry may oversee the development and implementation of automation systems, inventory management software, or other technology solutions that improve efficiency and productivity.

Energy and utilities: Project managers in the energy and utilities sector may manage projects related to smart grid technology, renewable energy systems, or IT infrastructure improvements.

Retail and ecommerce: In the retail and ecommerce industry, technology project managers may oversee the development and implementation of ecommerce platforms, point-of-sale systems, or customer relationship management software.

Education: Technology project managers in the education sector can manage projects related to the development of learning management systems, educational software, or online learning platforms.

Government and public sector: Technology project managers in the public sector may be responsible for managing IT infrastructure projects, digital transformation initiatives, or the development and deployment of digital services.

These examples represent just a few of the industries where technology project management skills are in demand. As organizations across all sectors continue to rely on technology for their operations, project managers with specialized expertise in technology can expect to see growing opportunities for career advancement and employment.

Employment Outlook 

The employment outlook for technology project management is generally positive, as organizations across various industries continue to rely on technology to improve efficiency, streamline operations, and drive innovation. It is however important to note that project management is a highly competitive area of tech. 

Ideal Personality Type 

While there is no single “ideal” personality type for technology project management, certain traits and characteristics can contribute to success in this career. Some of these traits include:

Strong communication skills: Technology project managers need to effectively communicate with team members, stakeholders, and clients to ensure everyone is on the same page and working towards common goals.

Leadership and Decision Making:  A successful technology project manager should be able to lead and guide their team, make informed decisions, and take responsibility for the outcomes of those decisions.

Organizational skills: Managing multiple tasks, deadlines, and resources requires strong organizational and planning skills to ensure projects stay on track and within budget.

Analytical and problem-solving abilities: Technology project managers often need to analyze complex data, identify potential issues or risks, and develop solutions to overcome obstacles and meet project goals.

Adaptability and flexibility: Technology projects can change rapidly, and project managers must be able to adapt and adjust their plans as needed without losing sight of the overall objectives.

Attention to detail: Ensuring the quality and accuracy of project deliverables requires a keen eye for detail and a commitment to excellence.

Collaborative mindset: A successful technology project manager should be able to work well with diverse teams, fostering a collaborative environment that encourages open communication, mutual respect, and shared accountability.

Emotional intelligence: Understanding and managing emotions, both in oneself and in others, can help project managers effectively navigate challenging situations, resolve conflicts, and maintain strong working relationships.

Resilience and stress management: Technology project management can be high-pressure work, and the ability to stay focused and composed under pressure is essential for success.

Keep in mind that many of these skills can be learned and developed over time through experience, training, and personal growth.

Key Concepts & Terminologies

In project management, there are several key concepts and terminologies that are essential to understand. Here is a list of some of the most important terms: 

Project: A temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result. 

Project management: The application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet project requirements and achieve the desired outcome.

Project manager: The person responsible for planning, executing, monitoring, controlling, and closing the project.

Stakeholders: Individuals, groups, or organizations that have a vested interest in the project and can be affected by its outcome or influence its success. 

Scope: The work that needs to be accomplished to deliver a project’s product, service, or result with the specified features and functions.

Project charter: A document that formally authorizes a project and provides the project manager with the authority to apply organizational resources to project activities.

Work breakdown structure (WBS): A hierarchical decomposition of the total scope of work to be carried out by the project team to accomplish the project objectives and create the required deliverables.

Schedule: A timeline that outlines the planned start and end dates for project activities, milestones, and deliverables.

Budget: The estimation of costs required to complete the project, including labor, materials, equipment, and other resources.

Risk: An uncertain event or condition that, if it occurs, has a positive or negative effect on one or more project objectives.

Risk management: The process of identifying, analyzing, and responding to project risks to minimize their impact on the project.

Quality: The degree to which a set of inherent characteristics fulfill requirements. In project management, quality refers to meeting the project’s objectives and delivering a product, service, or result that meets stakeholders’ expectations.

Project life cycle: The series of phases that a project passes through from its initiation to its closure.

Project management methodologies: Frameworks and approaches to managing projects, such as Waterfall, Agile, Scrum, and PRINCE2.

Project management tools: Software and systems used to plan, monitor, and control project activities, such as Microsoft Project, Trello, Asana, and Basecamp.

Change management: The process of controlling and managing changes to the project scope, schedule, and budget to ensure they do not negatively impact the project’s objectives.

Project closure: The final phase of the project life cycle, during which the project is formally closed, deliverables are handed over, lessons learned are documented, and resources are released.

Understanding these key concepts and terminologies is crucial for anyone working in project management or planning to enter the field.

Career Path

The career path for a project manager can vary depending on factors such as industry, company size, and individual goals. However, there is a general progression that many project managers follow as they advance in their careers. Here is a typical career path for a project manager:

Entry-level roles: Before becoming a project manager, individuals often start in entry-level roles that involve project coordination or support. These positions, such as project coordinator, project analyst, or project assistant, allow individuals to gain experience in project management processes and tools. Entry-level professionals may work closely with project managers to assist with tasks like documentation, scheduling, budget tracking, and stakeholder communication.

Junior Project Manager: After gaining some experience in entry-level roles, professionals may advance to a junior project manager position. In this role, they may be responsible for managing smaller projects or specific aspects of larger projects. Junior project managers continue to develop their skills in areas such as planning, execution, risk management, and stakeholder management.

Project Manager: With more experience and a deeper understanding of project management processes, individuals can progress to a full project manager role. Project managers are responsible for the complete lifecycle of a project, from initiation to closure. They manage project scope, schedule, budget, resources, risks, and stakeholder expectations. At this level, professionals may choose to earn project management certifications, such as the Project Management Professional (PMP) or PRINCE2 Practitioner, to enhance their credibility and marketability.

Senior Project Manager: After successfully managing projects for several years, project managers may advance to senior project manager roles. Senior project managers are responsible for overseeing more complex, high-impact projects, often with larger teams and budgets. They may also play a role in mentoring and guiding junior project managers, contributing to the development of project management best practices within the organization, and participating in strategic planning.

Program Manager: As professionals continue to develop their project management expertise, they may transition to a program manager role. Program managers are responsible for overseeing a portfolio of related projects, ensuring that they are aligned with organizational strategy and objectives. They work closely with project managers and other stakeholders to ensure that projects are coordinated, resources are allocated effectively, and risks are managed across the entire program.

Project Management Office (PMO) Director: Some experienced project management professionals may move into leadership roles within a Project Management Office (PMO). The PMO Director is responsible for establishing and maintaining project management standards, processes, and tools within the organization. They also oversee the performance of project managers and ensure that projects are executed in alignment with organizational goals.

Executive roles: In some cases, seasoned project management professionals may advance to executive positions, such as Chief Operations Officer (COO), Chief Information Officer (CIO), or Chief Technology Officer (CTO), where they contribute to the overall strategic direction of the organization.

Throughout their career path, project managers may choose to specialize in specific industries, such as construction, IT, healthcare, or manufacturing, or focus on specific areas of expertise, such as Agile methodologies, risk management, or business analysis. By continually developing their skills, staying current with industry trends, and networking with other professionals, project managers can successfully navigate their career path and achieve their professional goals.

Day in the life of a project manager

A day in the life of a project manager can be quite diverse and dynamic, as they are responsible for planning, executing, and closing projects. Their day-to-day activities will vary based on the stage of the project and the specific needs of the team. However, a typical day might look like this:


Review emails and prioritize tasks: Begin the day by checking emails, messages, and any updates from team members, stakeholders, or clients. Identify and prioritize tasks for the day based on urgency and importance.

Update project plan and status: Review the project plan and make any necessary adjustments to the timeline, tasks, or resources. Update the project status report with the latest progress and any potential risks or issues.

Daily stand-up meeting: Conduct a brief stand-up meeting with the team to discuss progress, upcoming tasks, and any roadblocks or issues that need to be addressed. This helps to ensure clear communication and alignment among team members.

Mid-Morning to Afternoon:

Collaborate with team members: Work with team members to address any issues, provide guidance, or offer support as needed. This may involve participating in discussions, reviewing deliverables, or assisting with problem-solving.

Monitor project progress and budget: Regularly check the progress of tasks against the project plan and track expenses to ensure the project stays on schedule and within budget.

Communicate with stakeholders and clients: Keep stakeholders and clients informed about project updates, milestones, and any changes that may impact the project’s scope, schedule, or budget.

Late Afternoon:

Risk and issue management:  Identify and assess potential risks and issues that could impact the project. Develop contingency plans or mitigation strategies to address these concerns.

Project documentation: Update project documentation, such as meeting minutes, reports, and other records, to ensure that information is accurate, complete, and up-to-date.

Prepare for upcoming meetings or presentations: Review agendas and materials for any upcoming meetings, presentations, or workshops. This may involve creating slides, gathering data, or rehearsing talking points.


Reflect on the day and plan for tomorrow: At the end of the day, review the progress made, assess what went well and what could be improved, and plan for the next day’s tasks and priorities.

Keep in mind that a project manager’s day can be quite dynamic, and the specific activities may change depending on project needs and priorities. Flexibility and adaptability are key traits for project managers to successfully navigate their day-to-day responsibilities.

Sample Project Showcasing the role of Project Management

Project Title: Migration to a Cloud-based Infrastructure


A medium-sized tech company has decided to migrate its on-premises infrastructure to a cloud-based solution to enhance scalability, improve security, and reduce operational costs. The project involves assessing the current infrastructure, selecting the appropriate cloud provider, migrating applications and data, and ensuring a seamless transition with minimal downtime. A project manager will play a crucial role in coordinating and overseeing the successful execution of this project.

Roles and Responsibilities of the Project Manager:


  • Define project goals and objectives, including expected benefits and outcomes.
  • Conduct a feasibility study and present findings to stakeholders.
  • Secure necessary approvals and resources to initiate the project.


  • Develop a detailed project plan, including scope, schedule, budget, and quality requirements.
  • Assemble a cross-functional project team, including IT, network, security, and application specialists.
  • Identify potential risks and develop mitigation strategies.
  • Establish communication and reporting protocols to keep stakeholders informed throughout the project.


  • Coordinate the selection of the cloud provider and negotiate contracts.
  • Oversee the infrastructure assessment and ensure that all technical requirements are met.
  • Manage the migration of applications and data, including testing and validation.
  • Facilitate collaboration between team members and resolve any conflicts that may arise.

Monitoring and Control:

  • Track project progress against the plan and make adjustments as needed.
  • Monitor the quality of deliverables and ensure compliance with the project’s requirements.
  • Manage risks and issues, implementing mitigation strategies when necessary.
  • Provide regular updates to stakeholders on the project’s status and escalate issues as required.


  • Ensure a smooth handover to the operations team for ongoing management and support.
  • Conduct post-migration audits to verify the success of the migration and identify areas for improvement.
  • Document lessons learned and share them with the organization to improve future projects.
  • Celebrate the successful completion of the project with the team.

In this example project, the project manager’s role is essential in coordinating the various aspects of the migration, managing resources, and ensuring that the project stays on track, on time, and within budget. Their leadership and effective communication skills contribute significantly to the project’s overall success.


There is a wide variety of project management tools and platforms available, each catering to different needs, team sizes, and methodologies. Here are some popular project management tools and platforms.

Trello: Trello is a visual, card-based project management tool that uses boards, lists, and cards to organize tasks and collaborate with team members. It is highly flexible and can be adapted to various project management methodologies, including Agile and Kanban.

Asana: Asana is a versatile project management platform that allows users to create, assign, and track tasks, set deadlines, and collaborate with team members. It offers various views, such as list, board, timeline, and calendar, to accommodate different project needs.

Microsoft Project: Microsoft Project is a comprehensive project management software with robust features for planning, scheduling, resource management, and reporting. It is suitable for more complex projects and is often used in combination with other Microsoft tools, such as Teams and SharePoint.

Basecamp: Basecamp is a user-friendly project management and team collaboration tool with features like to-do lists, file sharing, message boards, and real-time chat. It is suitable for smaller teams and projects that require a centralized communication and collaboration platform.

Smartsheet: Smartsheet is a spreadsheet-based project management tool that combines the familiarity of spreadsheets with advanced collaboration and automation features. It is suitable for managing projects with complex schedules and resource allocation. is a work operating system (Work OS) that allows users to create custom workflows and manage projects using boards, timelines, or various other views. It offers a high level of customization and integrations with other tools, making it suitable for teams with diverse project management needs.

Wrike: Wrike is a collaborative work management platform with features like task management, real-time collaboration, Gantt charts, and customizable dashboards. It is suitable for managing projects in fast-paced environments and can be adapted to various methodologies, including Agile.

ClickUp: ClickUp is an all-in-one project management and productivity tool with features like task and time management, goal tracking, and customizable views. It is designed to help teams streamline their work processes and improve efficiency.

Teamwork: Teamwork is a project management software that offers tools for task management, time tracking, and team collaboration. It is suitable for teams that require a balance between simplicity and advanced project management features.

Slack: While not a dedicated project management tool, Slack is a popular team communication platform that allows for real-time collaboration, file sharing, and integration with a wide range of project management tools, making it a valuable tool in many project management workflows.

When selecting a project management tool or platform, consider factors like your team size, project complexity, preferred methodology, and integration requirements in order to choose the most suitable solution for your needs.

FREE Resources

Bridges in Tech Resource: Is project management right for you? (youtube)

Project Management Institute (PMI): Offers numerous free resources, including webinars, articles, and white papers on project management best practices, methodologies, and industry trends.

Coursera: Provides free online courses on project management fundamentals, Agile methodologies, and other related topics from top universities and institutions.

Project Management: This website, owned by PMI offers a variety of free resources, including articles, templates and tools for project managers.  

YOUTUBE  Project Management Course

Gantt Project: A free, opensource project management tool that allows users to create Gantt charts and manage tasks, resources, and timelines.

Trello: A free, web-based project management tool that helps teams collaborate effectively and manage tasks using boards, lists, and cards.