Leadership & Management

IT leadership refers to the management and strategic direction of an organization’s information technology (IT) resources, including computer systems, networks, software, and hardware. IT leaders are responsible for aligning technology initiatives with business objectives, overseeing IT projects, managing IT teams, and ensuring the organization’s technology infrastructure is secure, efficient, and up-to-date.

Job Titles

  • Chief Information Officer (CIO)
  • Chief Technology Officer (CTO)
  • Chief Information Security Officer
  • IT Director
  • IT Manager
  • Information Systems Manager
  • IT Project Manager
  • IT Operations Manager
  • IT Security Manager
  • IT Supervisor
  • Technical Team Lead

Required Skills

Technical expertise: Strong understanding of IT systems, network infrastructure, software development, and emerging technologies.

Strategic thinking: Ability to align IT initiatives with business objectives and anticipate future technology trends.

Project management: Experience in planning, executing, and overseeing IT projects to ensure timely completion and budget adherence.

Team leadership: Skills in managing, mentoring, and developing IT teams.

Communication and collaboration: Effective communication with both technical and nontechnical stakeholders and ability to work with cross-functional teams.

Risk management: Knowledge of IT security, compliance, and risk management best practices.

Business acumen: Understanding of the organization’s industry, operations, and overall business strategy.


High School Preparation

If you are still in high school you can begin by building a foundation in high school by taking relevant courses in:

  • Mathematics
  • Computer Science
  • English and Communications
  • Business and Economics

Undergraduate Degree

If your goal is to get an undergraduate degree consider pursuing an undergraduate degree in a relevant field, such as:

  • Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in Computer Science
  • B.S. in Information Systems
  • B.S. in Management Information Systems (MIS)
  • B.S. in Business Administration with a focus on IT or Information Systems

Gain Experience and Develop Skills

While you may be able to transition from another career to an IT leadership role, it’s important to note that you’ll have more advantage if you have experience in various IT roles, such as systems administration, software development, or project management. 

Work on developing the following skills (note this is similar to the skills already listed in Required Skills Section):

  • Technical expertise in areas such as networking, software development, and IT infrastructure
  • Project management methodologies (e.g., Agile, Scrum, Waterfall)
  • Leadership and team management
  • Communication and presentation
  • Problem-solving and critical thinking
  • Budgeting and financial management

Pursue Professional Certifications (Optional)

Obtain industry-recognized certifications to demonstrate your expertise and commitment to the field. Some popular certifications include:

  • ITIL (Information Technology Infrastructure Library) certifications from Axelos
  • Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) from (ISC)²

Networking and Professional Development

Connect with other IT professionals and leaders by attending industry events, joining online communities, and participating in local meetups. We are biased but Bridges in Tech is a good online community to join.  

Graduate Degree (Optional)

For advanced roles in IT leadership and management, you may consider pursuing a graduate degree, such as:

  • Master of Business Administration (MBA) with a focus on Technology Management or Information Systems
  • Master of Science (M.S.) in Information Systems Management
  • M.S. in IT Management

Gain Management Experience

Begin taking on more responsibilities and leadership roles within your organization, such as team lead or project manager. This experience is valuable when pursuing higher-level management positions.

Remember that the specific career path you choose depends on your goals and interests. Continuously develop your skills, stay updated on the latest trends in technology and management, and maintain a strong professional network to advance your career in IT leadership and management.

Career Pathway

A technology leadership career path typically involves advancing through various roles that emphasize technical expertise, management skills, and strategic thinking. This path can lead to high-level executive positions like CTO (Chief Technology Officer) and CIO (Chief Information Officer). Here’s a general outline of one possible career path in technology leadership:

  1. Begin with a strong technical foundation (not always necessary but can be advantageous):
  • Obtain a degree in computer science, information systems, software engineering, or a related field.
  • Gain experience working in various technical roles such as software developer, systems analyst, or network engineer.
  • Continuously learn and stay updated on technology trends, programming languages, and tools relevant to your industry.
  1. Transition into a technical leadership role:
  • Pursue positions like team lead or technical lead, where you will guide and mentor other developers or IT professionals.
  • Develop your communication and interpersonal skills, as they will be crucial in managing teams and working with stakeholders.
  • Consider obtaining certifications in project management (e.g., PMP, PRINCE2) or agile methodologies (e.g., Scrum, SAFe) to strengthen your leadership skills.
  1. Advance into management positions:
  • Seek opportunities to become an IT manager, development manager, or infrastructure manager, overseeing larger teams and projects.
  • Enhance your business acumen by understanding how technology can drive value for an organization.
  • Consider pursuing a Master’s degree in Business Administration (MBA) or a Master’s in Technology Management to broaden your knowledge of business strategy and management principles.
  1. Move into executive roles:
  • Aim for senior-level positions such as Director of IT, VP of Technology, or VP of Engineering, where you will be responsible for setting technology strategy and managing large teams or departments.
  • Develop your skills in strategic planning, budgeting, and stakeholder management, as these will be critical in executive roles.
  • Network and build relationships with other IT executives, industry experts, and thought leaders to increase your visibility and credibility in the field.
  1. Reach top technology leadership positions:
  • Pursue roles like CTO, CIO, or CISO (Chief Information Security Officer) where you will be responsible for the overall technology vision, strategy, and execution within an organization.
  • Continue to stay updated on emerging technologies, industry trends, and best practices to ensure your organization remains innovative and competitive.
  • Develop strong relationships with other C-suite executives and board members to effectively advocate for technology initiatives and investments.

Throughout your technology leadership career path, it is essential to continuously develop your technical, management, and strategic skills. This will enable you to make a significant impact on your organization’s success and thrive in the ever-evolving technology landscape.


$90,000 –  $300,000+ annually (varies based on experience, location, and industry). 

Work Setting

Most technology roles can be performed remotely however depending on company culture you may be required to work onsite or in a hybrid setting:



Hybrid (mix of onsite and remote)


Technology leadership and management roles are in demand across a wide range of industries, as technology continues to play a critical role in driving innovation, efficiency, and competitiveness. Here are some key industries where technology leaders and managers are essential:

Information Technology and Services:

  • Software development companies
  • IT consulting firms
  • Managed services providers
  • Data center and cloud service providers


  • Hospitals and healthcare systems
  • Health insurance providers
  • Medical device manufacturers
  • Pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies


  • Banks and credit unions
  • Investment and wealth management firms
  • Insurance companies
  • Financial technology (FinTech) startups

Retail and E-commerce:

  • Brick-and-mortar retail chains
  • Online retailers and e-commerce platforms
  • Supply chain and logistics providers


  • Mobile network operators
  • Internet service providers
  • Cable and satellite TV providers

Energy and Utilities:

  • Oil, gas, and renewable energy companies
  • Electrical power generation and distribution companies
  • Water and wastewater management organizations


  • Automotive manufacturers
  • Aerospace and defense companies
  • Consumer goods manufacturers
  • Industrial equipment and machinery manufacturers


  • Higher education institutions and universities
  • K-12 school districts
  • EdTech companies and e-learning platforms

Government and Public Sector:

  • Federal, state, and local government agencies
  • Nonprofit organizations
  • International organizations and NGOs
  1. Media and Entertainment:
    • Film, TV, and streaming media companies
    • Video game developers and publishers
    • Music and publishing companies
    • Advertising and marketing agencies

In each of these industries, technology leaders and managers are responsible for overseeing the development, implementation, and maintenance of technology systems and solutions. They also play a vital role in aligning technology strategies with business goals, ensuring that their organizations stay competitive and innovative in the digital age.

Employment Outlook

While specific projections for IT leadership roles are not available, the demand for skilled IT professionals, including leaders, is expected to grow in the coming years as technology continues to evolve and organizations increasingly rely on it for daily operations.

Ideal Personality Type

While there is no single “ideal” personality type for technology leadership and management, certain traits and characteristics can contribute to success in these roles. Here are some key qualities that are often found in effective technology leaders and managers:

  1. Strong communication skills: Technology leaders and managers must be able to effectively communicate complex technical concepts to non-technical stakeholders, as well as convey strategic goals and objectives to their teams.
  2. Emotional intelligence: Successful technology leaders display empathy and high emotional intelligence, enabling them to understand and manage the emotions of their team members, peers, and stakeholders. This helps build strong relationships, resolve conflicts, and foster collaboration.
  3. Adaptability: Technology is constantly evolving, and leaders must be able to adapt to changing circumstances, learn new technologies, and adjust strategies as needed. They should be comfortable with uncertainty and be willing to embrace change.
  4. Analytical thinking: Technology leaders need to be able to analyze complex problems and identify effective solutions. This requires strong critical thinking skills, attention to detail, and the ability to synthesize information from various sources.
  5. Results-oriented: Effective technology leaders and managers are focused on achieving goals and delivering measurable outcomes. They set clear expectations, hold their teams accountable, and continuously strive for improvement.
  6. Strategic thinking: Successful technology leaders have the ability to see the bigger picture and make decisions that align with the organization’s long-term goals. They can anticipate future trends and challenges and develop strategies to address them.
  7. Decision-making: Technology leaders must be able to make informed, timely decisions, even when faced with limited information or conflicting priorities. They should be comfortable taking calculated risks and be able to justify their decisions when necessary.
  8. Innovation and creativity: Effective technology leaders embrace

Key Concepts & Terminologies

To be effective in technology leadership and management roles, it is crucial to be familiar with key concepts and terminologies. Here is a list of some important terms and concepts that technology leaders and managers should understand:

  1. Strategic planning: The process of defining an organization’s direction and making decisions on allocating its resources to achieve its goals. In technology leadership, strategic planning includes defining technology strategies that align with business objectives.
  2. Project management: The practice of initiating, planning, executing, controlling, and closing projects, ensuring they are completed on time, within scope, and budget. Familiarity with project management methodologies, such as Waterfall and Agile, is essential for technology leaders.
  3. Agile methodologies: A set of iterative and incremental software development methodologies, such as Scrum, Kanban, and SAFe, that emphasize flexibility, collaboration, and customer satisfaction. Technology leaders should understand and be able to implement Agile principles in their teams.
  4. IT Governance: The framework that ensures IT investments support business objectives, optimize IT resources, and manage IT-related risks. IT governance encompasses areas like IT strategy, risk management, performance measurement, and compliance.
  5. ITIL (Information Technology Infrastructure Library): A widely recognized framework for IT service management (ITSM) that focuses on aligning IT services with the needs of the business. ITIL provides a set of best practices for service delivery, service support, and continual service improvement.
  6. Change management: The process of planning, implementing, and managing change within an organization to minimize disruptions and ensure successful adoption. In technology leadership, change management is crucial for implementing new systems, processes, or organizational structures.
  7. DevOps: A set of practices that combines software development (Dev) and IT operations (Ops) to shorten the software development lifecycle and improve the overall quality of software releases. DevOps emphasizes collaboration, automation, and continuous delivery.
  8. Cybersecurity: The practice of protecting an organization’s information systems, networks, and data from unauthorized access, theft, or damage. Technology leaders should be familiar with cybersecurity best practices, risk management, and compliance requirements.
  9. Cloud computing: The delivery of computing services, including servers, storage, databases, networking, software, and analytics, over the internet (“the cloud”). Technology leaders should understand the different types of cloud services (IaaS, PaaS, SaaS) and the benefits and challenges associated with cloud migration and management.
  10. Digital transformation: The integration of digital technologies into all aspects of an organization, fundamentally changing how it operates and delivers value to customers. Technology leaders need to play a crucial role in driving and managing digital transformation initiatives.
  11. Data analytics and business intelligence: The process of examining, cleaning, and analyzing data to extract insights, identify patterns, and inform decision-making. Technology leaders should be familiar with data analytics tools and techniques, as well as the strategic value of data-driven decision-making.

Understanding these key concepts and terminologies can help technology leaders and managers communicate effectively with their teams and stakeholders, make informed decisions, and drive their organizations’ success in the digital age.

Day in the Life of A Technology Leader

A day in the life of a technology leader can vary greatly depending on the organization, industry, and specific role. However, there are some common responsibilities and activities that many technology leaders undertake during their workday. Here’s an example of what a typical day might look like for a technology leader:


  • Review emails and prioritize tasks: Start the day by checking emails, responding to urgent messages, and organizing the day’s priorities based on the most important tasks and meetings.
  • Attend or lead daily stand-up meetings: Participate in or lead daily stand-up meetings with team members to discuss progress, identify roadblocks, and ensure that projects are on track.
  • Meet with direct reports: Hold one-on-one meetings with direct reports to discuss their work, provide feedback, and address any concerns or issues they may have.


  • Review project progress and budget: Monitor the status of ongoing projects, ensuring they are on schedule, within budget, and meeting quality standards. Address any issues that may arise and adjust plans as needed.
  • Collaborate with cross-functional teams: Work closely with other departments, such as product management, marketing, and sales, to ensure that technology initiatives align with overall business strategies and objectives.


  • Network and maintain relationships: Use the lunch break to network with colleagues or industry peers, attend industry events or webinars, or catch up on relevant news and trends.


  • Attend strategy and planning meetings: Participate in or lead meetings with other organizational leaders to discuss technology strategies, resource allocation, and long-term goals.
  • Evaluate new technologies and vendors: Research and assess new technologies, tools, and vendors to determine their potential value to the organization and make recommendations for adoption or investment.

Late afternoon:

  • Address any urgent issues: Resolve any critical issues or challenges that have arisen throughout the day, ensuring that they are addressed promptly and effectively.
  • Monitor team performance and provide feedback: Review the performance of team members, provide constructive feedback, and recognize their achievements and contributions.


  • Wrap up and plan for the next day: Complete any remaining tasks, update to-do lists, and prepare for the following day’s meetings and priorities.
  • Continue professional development: Technology leaders often dedicate time outside of working hours to stay updated on industry trends, learn new skills, and participate in professional development opportunities.

While this is just one example of a day in the life of a technology leader, it is important to note that each leader’s day will differ based on the unique demands of their organization and role. However, most technology leaders will spend their time managing teams, overseeing projects, collaborating with other departments, and driving technology strategy and innovation.

Technology Leadership Use Case 1 (C-Suite)

Use Case: Implementing a Digital Transformation Initiative in a Manufacturing Company

A manufacturing company is facing increased competition and pressure to modernize its operations. The CEO recognizes the need for digital transformation to improve efficiency, reduce costs, and remain competitive in the market. The company hires a Chief Technology Officer (CTO) to lead the digital transformation initiative and implement innovative solutions across the organization.


  • Increase operational efficiency by automating manual processes
  • Improve decision-making through data-driven insights
  • Enhance customer experience and satisfaction
  • Foster a culture of innovation and continuous improvement

Leadership Actions:

  1. Develop a digital transformation strategy:
    The CTO collaborates with other executives to create a comprehensive digital transformation strategy that aligns with the company’s business goals. This strategy includes identifying key focus areas, such as automation, data analytics, and customer engagement, and setting measurable objectives and timelines.
  2. Establish cross-functional teams:
    The CTO forms cross-functional teams consisting of IT professionals, subject matter experts, and representatives from various departments. These teams are responsible for planning and implementing digital transformation projects in their respective areas.
  3. Identify and prioritize projects:
    The CTO works with the cross-functional teams to identify and prioritize digital transformation projects based on their potential impact, feasibility, and alignment with the overall strategy. High-priority projects may include implementing IoT devices for real-time monitoring, developing data analytics capabilities, and digitizing customer interactions.
  4. Implement Agile methodologies:
    The CTO introduces Agile methodologies, such as Scrum or Kanban, to facilitate iterative and incremental project development. This approach enables the teams to adapt quickly to changes, optimize resource allocation, and deliver value to the organization continuously.
  5. Monitor progress and performance:
    The CTO regularly reviews the progress and performance of digital transformation projects, ensuring they are on track to meet their objectives. This includes monitoring key performance indicators (KPIs), such as cost savings, process efficiency, and customer satisfaction, and making data-driven decisions to optimize project outcomes.
  6. Manage change and communication:
    The CTO oversees change management efforts to ensure the successful adoption of new technologies and processes across the organization. This involves developing clear communication plans, providing training and support to employees, and addressing any concerns or resistance that may arise.
  7. Foster a culture of innovation:
    The CTO encourages a culture of innovation by promoting open communication, collaboration, and experimentation. By empowering employees to share ideas, take risks, and learn from failures, the CTO helps to create an environment where continuous improvement and innovation thrive.
  8. Evaluate and iterate:
    The CTO continuously evaluates the success of the digital transformation initiative, identifying areas for improvement and adjusting strategies as needed. By staying informed about industry trends and emerging technologies, the CTO ensures that the organization remains agile and adaptive in the face of change.

As a result of the CTO’s leadership, the manufacturing company successfully implements its digital transformation initiative, achieving significant improvements in operational efficiency, data-driven decision-making, and customer satisfaction. The organization becomes more competitive in the market and better positioned for future growth and innovation.

Technology Leadership Use Case 1 (Middle Management)

Use Case: Managing IT Infrastructure and Support in a Growing Company

A rapidly growing company is experiencing challenges in scaling its IT infrastructure and support services to meet the increasing demands of its expanding workforce. The company hires an IT manager to lead the IT department, ensuring that the technology infrastructure is reliable, secure, and capable of supporting the company’s growth.


  • Maintain a stable, secure, and scalable IT infrastructure
  • Ensure efficient and responsive IT support services for employees
  • Develop and implement IT policies and best practices
  • Plan for future technology needs to support the company’s growth

Manager Level Actions:

  1. Assess the current IT infrastructure:
    The IT manager conducts a comprehensive assessment of the company’s existing IT infrastructure, including hardware, software, network, and security systems. This helps them identify areas for improvement and potential risks.
  2. Develop an IT strategy and roadmap:
    The IT manager creates a long-term IT strategy and roadmap, outlining how the company’s technology infrastructure will be upgraded, expanded, and optimized to support its growth. This includes planning for cloud migration, network upgrades, and security enhancements.
  3. Implement IT policies and best practices:
    The IT manager develops and implements IT policies, procedures, and best practices to ensure the efficient operation of the IT department. This includes establishing guidelines for purchasing hardware and software, managing user accounts, and addressing security concerns.
  4. Manage IT budgets and resources:
    The IT manager is responsible for managing the IT department’s budget, ensuring that expenses are aligned with the company’s financial goals and that resources are allocated effectively. They also manage vendor relationships, negotiating contracts, and overseeing procurement processes.
  5. Lead and develop the IT team:
    The IT manager recruits, trains, and mentors IT staff, ensuring that they have the skills and expertise needed to support the company’s technology infrastructure. They also promote a culture of continuous learning and professional development within the department.
  6. Oversee IT support services:
    The IT manager oversees the delivery of IT support services to employees, ensuring that issues are resolved quickly and efficiently. This includes managing the help desk, monitoring support tickets, and implementing processes for escalation and resolution.
  7. Monitor and maintain IT infrastructure:
    The IT manager ensures the ongoing stability, security, and performance of the company’s IT infrastructure by monitoring network performance, conducting regular security audits, and implementing system updates and patches as needed.
  8. Communicate with stakeholders and senior leadership:
    The IT manager regularly communicates with stakeholders and senior leadership, providing updates on IT projects, infrastructure improvements, and support metrics. They also advocate for the IT department’s needs and priorities, ensuring that technology investments are aligned with the company’s strategic goals.

As a result of the IT manager’s leadership and effective management, the company’s IT infrastructure is able to support its rapid growth, while maintaining a high level of security and reliability. The IT support services are responsive and efficient, ensuring that employees have the tools and resources they need to be productive. The IT manager’s strategic planning and proactive approach to technology management contribute to the company’s ongoing success and competitiveness in the market.


Leaders in technology use a variety of tools to manage their day-to-day work effectively, streamline processes, collaborate with their teams, and stay informed about industry trends. Here are some common tools and categories that technology leaders may use:

Project Management Tools: These tools help leaders plan, monitor, and control projects, ensuring that tasks are completed on time and within the allocated budget. Examples include:

  • Trello
  • Asana
  • Monday.com
  • Jira

Collaboration and Communication Tools: Effective communication is essential for technology leaders, and these tools help facilitate collaboration within teams and across the organization. Examples include:

  • Slack
  • Microsoft Teams
  • Google Workspace (formerly G Suite)
  • Zoom

Documentation and Knowledge Management Tools: These tools enable technology leaders to create, share, and manage documentation and knowledge within their teams and the organization. Examples include:

  • Confluence
  • Notion
  • Google Docs
  • Microsoft OneNote

Source Control and Code Management Tools: Technology leaders may use these tools to manage code repositories, track changes, and collaborate on software development projects. Examples include:

  • Git
  • GitHub
  • GitLab
  • Bitbucket

Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment (CI/CD) Tools: To ensure efficient and reliable software development, technology leaders may use CI/CD tools for automating the building, testing, and deployment of code. Examples include:

  • Jenkins
  • Travis CI
  • CircleCI
  • GitLab CI/CD

Monitoring and Analytics Tools: Technology leaders need to keep an eye on the performance and health of their applications and infrastructure. These tools help them monitor key metrics and gather insights. Examples include:

  • Datadog
  • New Relic
  • Splunk
  • Google Analytics

Cloud Management and Infrastructure Tools: As organizations increasingly rely on cloud-based services, technology leaders use these tools to manage and monitor their cloud infrastructure. Examples include:

  • Amazon Web Services (AWS)
  • Microsoft Azure
  • Google Cloud Platform (GCP)
  • Kubernetes

Security and Compliance Tools: Ensuring the security and compliance of their technology environment is a top priority for technology leaders. These tools help them maintain a secure and compliant infrastructure. Examples include:

  • Qualys
  • Tenable
  • Rapid7
  • Okta

Industry News and Trends Resources: Staying informed about the latest industry trends and developments is vital for technology leaders. They may use various resources, such as:

  • Tech news websites (e.g., TechCrunch, The Verge, Ars Technica)
  • Social media platforms (e.g., Twitter, LinkedIn)
  • Newsletters and blogs
  • Industry conferences and webinars

The specific tools used by technology leaders may vary depending on their role, the size and type of the organization, and their industry. However, these categories provide a general overview of the types of tools that are commonly used to manage day-to-day work effectively.

FREE Resources

MIT Sloan Management Review: Offers free articles on IT leadership, digital transformation, and technology strategy.

Coursera: Offers several free courses on leadership and technology management (search technology leadership or technology management).

CIO.com: Provides news, analysis, and resources for IT leaders and professionals.

Gartner: Offers free research, insights, and webinars on IT leadership topics and technology trends.

InformationWeek: Features news, analysis, and resources for IT leaders and professionals.

Forrester: Provides free research, insights, and resources on IT leadership and technology strategy.